Engaged employees are the greatest resource that an organization can have, and yet the importance of human resources has, until recently, paled in comparison to other business operations. The importance of the HR department and its relationship with employees was bought to light mainly through the introduction to global markets and new technology. In the modern business environment, leaders understand the importance of appointing the right people and keeping them engaged.
HR departments fulfill a number of duties, including creating and maintaining policies and procedures in support of business goals and objectives. This department is ultimately responsible for ensuring that business objectives are met. Furthermore, the HR department is responsible for the company culture – ensuring that employee relations are positive, and thus fostering employee retention.
Human resource management also works on the distribution of company benefits and the management of employee performance. A positive work environment is key to organizational success, and the HR team maintains this to a large degree.
The functions of human resources management depend on the size of the business, the type of employees, and the industry. The HR department sources talent and strives to improve communication within the business.
Some other functions of human resource management include:
When taking a broader look at HR functions, it becomes clear that HR professionals are expected to create and implement measures that improve the efficiency of the workplace. This overarching responsibility can be divided into different individual responsibilities that are easier to measure.
Human resources are expected to maintain safety, which includes elements like data protection. This is important because data breaches are extremely harmful to organizations, as are worker’s compensation claims. Security measures have to be in place, and aligned with national requirements to minimize threats.
In addition to safety regulations, there are other regulations that a business needs to comply with. It is the responsibility of the human resources department to ensure that the company complies with all regulations. HR professionals need to keep abreast of regulations, changes that are made, and new legislature that is introduced. Some of this is industry and country-specific.
We have made some mention of human resource practices also involving training employees through activities like induction programs, team building, etc. Training programs often increase employee satisfaction and benefit the company in return. It helps to retain talent, which is another core responsibility for the HR team. It is not uncommon for different teams to have slightly different needs. The HR team establishes these needs and then implements plans to meet these needs. This can include anything from organizational culture to enhancing work-life balance.
Part of employee relations that the HR department takes care of includes the administration of benefits and pay. Fair compensation and benefits are important to employees who will pay attention to these things during the hiring process. They know what other employees in their industry make and will expect similar benefits for similar jobs. Having fair pay practices, including pay raises, can help boost productivity and attract new employees.
Another one of the essential HR functions is staffing and succession planning. Hiring managers form part of the HR department and help to attract the best candidates to become new employees within the business. It is up to HR to ensure that qualified candidates who meet requirements are given an offer that is attractive enough to ensure that the business is staffed with the best employees possible.
There are essential HR activities in any size business, but the role that human resource management plays in small businesses can have higher stakes. This is simply because one employee is much more valuable to a small company than to a very large company. Things like performance reviews for existing employees and better hiring practices for potential employees become even more important in small businesses.
There are some steps that a small business owner can take to give themselves more of a competitive advantage in the HR department:
In the modern, highly globalized, and digitalized context, the number of contract-based workers has steadily increased over the last few years. Management of these various contracts can place strain on general HR activities as contract workers require more maintenance than permanent employees. This has led many HR professionals to turn to software for support. The software can assist with onboarding, performance management, health insurance, payroll, etc. This frees up time and resources that HR professionals can devote to more stringent management of company benefits, company culture, compliance, etc.
HRMS simplify and automate basic administrative functions and are essential elements of business success. Where the focus is on the employees, an HR manager can:
Any organization must comply with several employment laws depending on where they are located. It is the responsibility of human resources to ensure that all these regulations are met. This means that HR professionals need to consistently monitor regulatory requirements, and they need to understand them. Where necessary, they need to create training programs to ensure that employees also understand regulations, as that often ensures a safe work environment for all.
Generally speaking, HR functions include seven basic elements that everyone can agree on. These key functions are most often found in all businesses, no matter the size, and are expected to be performed by the HR department.
HR functions can be divided into five main areas. HR professionals take on many different activities to ensure wellness and stability in the organization and among employees. These five main areas form the core of these HR functions:
The role that an HR manager plays in an organization can be divided into three primary objectives:
Human resource management professionals engage in supporting employees by creating and maintaining a positive workplace environment. Exactly what it does depends on the industry and individual company’s needs. Usually, however, it includes employee relations, training and development, compensation and benefits, performance management, and recruitment.